Order of Battle
THE SECOND BATTLE OF KERNSTOWN
July 24, 1864
THE UNION ARMY
(approximately 10,000 men)
BVT. MAJ. GEN. GEORGE CROOK
FIRST DIVISION, Col. Joseph Thoburn
FIRST BRIGADE, Col. George D. Wells
34th Mass., 116th Ohio, 123nd Ohio, 170th Ohio, 5th N.Y. Heavy Artillery
SECOND BRIGADE, Col. William G. Ely
18th Conn., 1st W.Va., 4th W.V., 12th W.Va., 2nd Md. (Eastern Shore)
SECOND DIVISION, Col. Isaac H. Duvall
FIRST BRIGADE, Col. Rutherford B. Hayes
23rd Ohio, 36th Ohio, 5th W.Va., 13th W.Va.
SECOND BRIGADE, Col. Daniel D. Johnson
34th Ohio, 91st Ohio, 9th W.Va., 14th W.Va.
THIRD DIVISION, Col. James A. Mulligan
FIRST BRIGADE, Col. Thomas M. Harris
23rd Illinois, 10th W.Va.
SECOND BRIGADE, Lt. Col. John P. Linton
54th Pa, 11th W.Va., 15th W.Va.
N.Y. Light - 30th Battery, Ohio Light - 1st Battery,
1st W.Va. Light - Battery F, 1st W.Va. Light - Battery E
FIRST DIVISION, Brig. Gen. Alfred N. Duffie
FIRST BRIGADE, Col. William B. Tibbits
1st Md. Potomac Home Brigade Cav., 15th N.Y. Cav.,
21st N.Y. Cav., 12th Pa. Cav.
SECOND BRIGADE, Col. Jacob Higgins
1st N.Y. (Lincoln) Cav., 1st N.Y. (Veteran) Cav.,
20th Pa. Cav., 22nd Pa. Cav.
SECOND DIVISION, Brig. Gen. William W. Averell
FIRST BRIGADE, Col. James M. Schoonmaker
8th Ohio Cav., 14th Pa. Cav.
SECOND BRIGADE, Col. William H. Powell
1st W.Va. Cav., 2nd W.Va. Cav., 3rd W.Va. Cav.
ARTILLERY - 5th U.S. Battery - L
THE CONFEDERATE ARMY
(approximately 13,000 men)
LT. COL. JUBAL A. EARLY
BATTLE'S BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. Cullen A. Battle
3rd Al., 5th Al., 6th Al., 12th Al., 61st Al.
GRIMES' BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. Bryan Grimes
32nd NC, 43rd NC, 45th NC, 53rd NC, 2nd NC (Battalion) Infantry
COOK'S BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. Philip Cook
4th Ga., 12th Ga., 21st Ga., 44th Ga.
COX'S BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. William R. Cox
1st N.C., 2nd N.C., 3rd N.C., 4th N.C., 14th N.C., 30th N.C.,
RAMSEUR'S DIVISION, Maj. Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur
LILLY'S BRIGADE Brig. Gen. Robert Lilley
13th Va., 31st Va., 49th Va., 52nd Va., 58th Va.
JOHNSTON'S BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. Robert D. Johnston
5th N.C., 12th N.C., 20th N.C., 23rd N.C.
LEWIS' BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. William Lewis
6th N.C., 21st N.C., 54th N.C., 57th N.C.,
1st N.C. Battalion Sharpshooters
BRECKENRIDGE'S CORPS, Maj. Gen. John C. Breckenridge
GORDON'S DIVISION, Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon
EVANS' BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. Clement A. Evans / Col. E.N. Atkinson
13th Ga., 26th Ga., 31st Ga., 38th Ga., 60th Ga., 61st Ga.,
12th Ga. (Battalion) Inf.
YORK'S BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. Zebulon York (consolidated)
HAYS' OLD BRIGADE (Louisiana Tigers), Col. W. R. Peck
5th La., 6th La., 7th La., 8th La., 9th La.
STAFFORD'S OLD BRIGADE, Col. E. Waggaman
1st La., 2nd La., 10th La., 14th La., 15th La.
TERRY'S BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. William Terry (consolidated)
JACKSON'S OLD 1ST or STONEWALL BRIGADE,
Col. J.H.S. Funk
2nd Va., 4th Va., 5th Va., 27th Va., 33rd Va.
JONES' OLD 2ND BRIGADE, Col. R. H. Dungan
21st Va., 25th Va., 42nd Va., 44th Va., 48th Va., 50th Va.
STUART'S OLD 3RD BRIGADE, Lt. Col. S. H. Saunders
10th Va., 23rd Va., 37th Va.
ECHOL'S DIVISION , Brig. Gen. John Echols
(formerly Breckinridge's and Elzey's Divisions)
WHARTON'S BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. Gabriel C. Wharton
30th Va., 45th Va., 50th Va., 51st Va.
ECHOL'S BRIGADE, Col. George S. Patton
22nd Va., 23rd Va., 26th Va.
VAUGHN'S BRIGADE, Brigadier Gen. Thomas Smith
36th Va., 45th Va., 60th Va.,
Thomas' Legion Dismounted
RANSOM'S CAVALRY DIVISION, Maj. Gen. Robert Ransom
IMBODEN'S BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. John Imboden / Col. George Smith
18th Va. Cav., 23rd Va. Cav., 62nd Va. Mounted Cav.
Unauthorized Va. Cav. Battalion
McCAUSLAND'S BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. John McCausland
14th Va. Cav., 16th Va. Cav., 17th Va. Cav., 25th Va. Cav., 37th Va. Cav.
JOHNSTON'S BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. Bradley T. Johnson
8th Va. Cav., 21st Va. Cav., 36th Va. Cav.
1st Md. Cav. Battalion, 22nd Va. Cav. Battalion, 34th Va. Cav. Battalion
JACKSON'S BRIGADE, Brig. Gen. W. L. Jackson
2nd Md. Cav. Battalion, 19th Va. Cav., 20th Va. Cav.,
46th Va. Cav. Battalion, 47th Va. Cav. Battalion
HORSE ARTILLERY (10-14 Guns)
JACKSON'S CO. VA. HORSE ARTILLERY, T.E. Jackson
with McCausland's Brigade
McCLANAHAN'S CO. (Staunton, Virginia), McClanahan
with Imboden's Brigade
BALTIMORE LIGHT ARTILLERY (2nd Md.), Griffin
with Johnson's Brigade
LURTY'S VA. BATTERY, Lurty
with Jackson's Brigade
Note: The composition of the Horse Artillery is unclear. It may have included all or some of the following: 2nd Maryland Battery (Griffin), Charlottesville Battery of Va. (T.E. Jackson), Roanoke Battery of Va. (Lurty), Staunton Battery of Va. (McClanahan), 1st Stuart Horse Artillery Battery of Va. (Johnston), Lynchburg Battery of Va. (Shoemaker), Ashby Battery of Va. (Thomson).
ARTILLERY (36-40 guns), Brig. Gen. Armistead L. Long
BRAXTON'S BATTALION, Maj. Carter M. Braxton
Allegheny Art. (Va.) , Carpenter
Lee Art. (Va.), Hardwicke
Stafford Artillery (Va.), Cooper
KING'S BATTALION, Maj. J. Floyd King / Maj. William McLaughlin
Wise Legion Art. (Va.), Lowery
Centreville Rifles, Lowery's Artillery
Lewisburg Artillery (Va.), Bryan
Monroe Battery (Va.), Chapman
NELSON'S BATTALION, Maj. William Nelson
Amherst Artillery (Va.), Kirkpatrick
Fluvanna Artillery (Va.), Massie
Milledge Artillery (Ga.), Milledge